CAMELS Rating System - All you need to know

CAMELS Rating System - All you need to know

5137   07-May-2018, Mon

Introduction

CAMELS is a rating system developed in the US that is used by supervisory authorities to rate banks and other financial institutions. It applies to every bank in the U.S and is also used by various financial institutions outside the U.S. This rating system was adopted by National Credit Union Administration in 1987. In 1988, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision of the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) proposed the CAMELS framework for assessing financial institutions.

 

What is the 'CAMELS Rating System'?

The CAMELS rating system is a recognized international rating system that bank supervisory authorities use in order to rate financial institutions according to six factors represented by the acronym "CAMELS." Supervisory authorities assign each bank a score on a scale. A rating of one is considered the best and the rating of five is considered the worst for each factor.

 

Score scale:

The rating system consists of a score from one to five with score one considered as best and score five considered as the worst for each factor. Banks which obtain the score of one are considered most stable, banks with a score of 2 or 3 are considered average and those with 4 or 5 considered as below average and are subjected to supervisory scrutiny.

 

Factors considered for giving scores:

CAMELS is an acronym of the following factors on which ratings are given by supervisory authorities.

 

C- Capital Adequacy

Capital adequacy refers to the amount of capital the financial institutions has to hold as required by its financial regulator. It is expressed as the Capital Adequacy ratio, which can be defined as the ratio of banks capital to risk weighted assets. This ensures the protection of depositors and investors and financial soundness of the bank. Factors involved in rating and assessing an institution's capital adequacy are its growth plans, economic environment, ability to control risk, and loan and investment concentrations.

 

A- Asset Quality

Asset quality covers an institutional loan's quality which reflects the earnings of the institution. Asset quality evaluates the quality of asset/loan the bank offers. The assets of a bank include cash, government securities, investments, real estates and interest earning loans. Assets such as loans provide returns to the financial institutions in terms of interests and comprise a majority of banks assets carrying high risk. Asset quality deals with quality of the loans, investments; and banks effectiveness in controlling and monitoring the credit risk. This provides the stability of the company when faced with particular risks.

 

M- Management

Assessment of management determines ability of an institution to diagnose and react to financial stress. This component rating is reflected by the management's capability to identify, measure, and control risks of the institution's daily activities. It ensures safe operation of the institution with effective policies and guidelines. The management has to address the risk related to credit, rate of interest, transactions etc.

 

E- Earnings

Ratings on earnings are based on the financial institution's ability to create returns on its assets. These returns enable the institution to expand, retain competitiveness, and provide adequate capital. It can be measured as the return on asset ratio. company's growth, stability, valuation allowances, net interest margin, net worth level and the quality of the company's existing assets are assessed to rate the Earnings.

 

L- Liquidity

To meet unexpected withdrawals from depositors without affecting the daily operations, the bank must maintain liquid cash and assets that can be easily converted into cash. The ratio of liquid cash to asset ratio can be used as a parameter to measure banks liquidity.

 

S- Sensitivity

Sensitivity refers to effect on bank due to market changes. In other terms it refers to market risk. Banks sensitivity to changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, changes in price of commodities, etc is measured. It primarily evaluates the interest rate risk and sensitivity to all loans and deposits.

 

Camels composite rating:

The CAMELS system is also based on composite ratings on a scale of one to five based on ascending order of supervisory concern. Each factor is assigned a weight as follows:

Capital adequacy 20 %

Asset quality 20%

Management 25%

Earnings 15%

Liquidity 10%

Sensitivity 10%

New Development Bank  (BRICS Bank )

New Development Bank  (BRICS Bank )

8108   15-Jul-2018, Sun

The New Development Bank BRICS (NDB BRICS), formerly referred to as the BRICS Development Bank, is multilateral development bank operated by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as an alternative to the existing US-dominated World Bank and International Monetary Fund. It has headquarters in Shanghai, China.
The Bank is set up to boost infrastructure funding in the emerging economies and offer them tailor-made services.

Making of BRICS Bank:

The BRICS countries in the 4th BRICS summit held in Delhi in 2012 came up with the idea of setting up the bank. It was then proposed by India.

Then at the 5th BRICS summit held in Durban, South Africa in 2013, all BRICS countries agreed to set up a Development bank.

Then at the 6th BRICS summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the BRICS countries signed the Agreement on the New Development Bank, which makes provisions for the legal basis of the bank.

The 7th BRICS summit in July 2015 held in Ufa, Russia marked the entry into force of the Agreement.

In July 2015, the bank was launched with K. V. Kamath from India as the first President of the Bank for the first five years.

Some facts about NDB BRICS:

The founding members of the Bank are the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa.

The membership shall be open to members of the United Nations, in accordance with the provisions of the Articles of Agreement of the New Development Bank.

The New Development Bank shall have an initial subscribed capital of US$ 50 billion and an initial authorized capital of US$ 100 billion.

Each BRICS member will contribute an equal share in establishing a startup capital.

All BRICS countries hold equal number of shares and have equal voting rights.

The Bank will have its Headquarters in Shanghai. The Bank may establish offices necessary for the performance of its functions. The first regional office shall be in Johannesburg.

The Bank shall have a Board of Governors, a Board of Directors, a President and Vice-Presidents. The President of the Bank shall be elected from one of the founding members on a rotational basis, and there shall be at least one Vice President from each of the other founding members.

List of national symbols and what do they represent

List of national symbols and what do they represent

2958   10-Jul-2018, Tue

 

National symbols of a country represent a host of objects that paint a unique identity about the country’s sensibilities. Representatives are chosen carefully and each depicts a certain virtue that is distinctive characteristic of the country. The rich heritage of India is a result of assimilation of cultural influences from its invaders through the generations. Ours is a multi-faceted culture and the various facets of our heritage require appropriate representation. India has many national symbols with which it identifies itself and takes pride in them. These symbols have been chosen from India’s unique flora and fauna, and its culture and civilization. In a nutshell, these symbols say a lot about India. These symbols are intrinsic to the Indian identity and heritage. Indians of all demographics backgrounds across the world are proud of these National Symbols as they instill a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart.

Here is some more information about the national symbols of India:

National Emblem: The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Buddhist Lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.

National Animal: The Tiger is the National Animal of India. It is the symbol of India’s wealth of wildlife. The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal.

National Bird: The Peacock (Pavo Cristatus), is the National Bird of India. It is the symbol of qualities like beauty and grace.

National Flag: The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and the dark green at the bottom and a blue wheel (chakra) with 24 sticks at the centre.

National Fruit: The Mango (Mangiferra Indica) is the National Fruit. It has been cultivated in India since time immemorial.

National Tree: The National Tree of India is the Banyan (Ficus bengalensis) Tree. This huge tree towers over its neighbors and has the widest trunk.

National Sport: Sport Field Hockey, in which India has an impressive record with eight Olympic medals, is considered as the National Sport. However, Home Ministry has said that officially, no sport has been accorded, the status of national Sport.

National Anthem: Jana-Gana-Mana. . the song was composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, adopted in its Hindi version is our National Anthem.

National Song: The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, is our National song.

National Calender: The National Calender based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22nd March, 1957.

National Flower: Lotus, scientifically known as Nelumbo nucifera is the National Flower of India.

Other National Symbols of India

National Sentence: Satyamev Jayate
Father of the Nation: Mahatma Gandhi
National Foreign Policy: Non-Alignment
National Information Letter: White Letter
National Currency: Rupee

National Festivals:

Republic Day (26th January)
Independence Day (15th August)
Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October)
National River: Ganga
National Aquatic Animal: Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) 
National Heritage Animal: Elephant

Name of all the approved stock exchange in India

Name of all the approved stock exchange in India

1480   30-Jun-2018, Sat

Name of all the approved stock exchange in India is given below:-
1. U.P. Stock Exchange, Kanpur
2. Vadodara Stock Exchange, Vadodara 
3. Koyambtour Stock Exchange, Coimbatore 
4. Meerut Stock Exchange, Meerut
5. Mumbai Stock Exchange, Mumbai
6. Over the Counter Exchange of India, Mumbai
7. National Stock Exchange, Mumbai 
8. Ahmedabad Stock Exchange, Ahmedabad 
9. Bangalore Stock Exchange, Bangalore 
10. Bhubaneshwar Stock Exchange, Bhubaneshwar 
11. Calcutta Stock Exchange, Kolkata
12. Cochin Stock Exchange, Cochin 
13. Delhi Stock Exchange, Delhi 
14. Guwahati Stock Exchange, Guwahati 
15. Hyderabad Stock Exchange, Hyderabad 
16. Jaipur Stock Exchange, Jaipur 
17. Canara Stock Exchange, Mangalore 
18. Ludhiana Stock Exchange, Ludhiana 
19. Chennai Stock Exchange, Chennai 
20. M. P. Stock Exchange, Indore 
21. Magadh Stock Exchange, Patna
22. Pune Stock Exchange, Pune 
23. Capital Stock Exchange Kerala Ltd.,Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

On July 9, 2007 SEBI has withdrawn its approval from Saurashtra Stock Exchange, Rajkot due to its passive working. Hence the number of approved stock exchanges have come down to 23.

Important Lines and Boundaries


864   27-Jun-2018, Wed

Important Lines and Boundaries

Marginal Line : 320 km line of fortification on the Russia-Finland border

Line of Actual Control : India  & China on the Northern Border

Line of Control : India and Pakistan

Durand Line : Afghanistan and Pakistan

Radcliffe Line : India and Pakistan (its includes Bangladesh Line)

Blue Line : Isreal & Lebanon

Purple Line : Israel and Syria

Green Line : Israel and its neighbours (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria)

Mason–Dixon line : Maryland and Pennsylvania/Delaware in Colonial America

Curzon Line : Poland & Russia

Military Demarcation Line (MDL) or Armistice Line : North Korea and South Korea

McMohan Line : India & China

Maginot Line : France & Germany

Mannar haime line : Russia & Finland

Order Neisse Line : Germany & Poland (aftermath of World War II)

Hindenburg Line : Poland & Germany (at the time of First World War)

 Sigfried Line East : France & Germany (at the time of second world war)

16 Parallel North : Angola and Namibia

17th Parallel Line : North & South Vietnam

20 Parallel North : Libya & Sudan

22 Parallel North : Egypt & Sudan

25 Parallel North : Mauritania & Mali

26 Parallel North : Western Sahara & Mauritania

31 Parallel North : Iraq & Iran

35 Parallel North : US it serves as border b/w Tennessee/Mississippi, Tennnessee/Alabama, Tennesse/Georgia, North Carolina/Georgia

36 Parallel North : In the US it Forms forms the southernmost boundary of the state of Missouri with the state of Arkansas

38 Parallel North Line : North  & South Korea

40 Parallel North : US it serves as border b/w Nebraska & Kansas

41 Parallel North : US it forms the border b/w wyoming/utah border, Wyoming/colorado, Nebraska/Colorado.

42 Parallel North : US it serves as border of new york & Pennsylvania Border

43 Parallel North : US it serves as border of b/w State Nebraska & state of south Dakota

45 Parallel North : US it forms the boundary b/w Montana & wyoming

49 Parallel North (Medicine Line) : USA & Canada

Highlight Of 15th Census Of India – 2011

Highlight Of 15th Census Of India – 2011

9531   24-Jun-2018, Sun

Census 2011

Census is nothing but a process of collecting, compiling, analyzing, evaluating, publishing and disseminating statistical data regarding the population. It covers demographic, social and economic data and are provided as of a particular date. Census is useful for formulation of development policies and plans and demarcating constituencies for elections. The Census of India has been conducted 15 times, As of 2011. It has been conducted every 10 years, beginning in 1871.

In Exam point of view, Questions related to Census is very common in all kinds of competitive exams. In every exam, we can expect a minimum of one or two questions from Census. Here is the simple and perfectly categorized 2011 Census of India.

  1. Census 2011 were released in New Delhi on 31st March 2011 by Union Home Secretary GK Pillai and RGI C Chandramouli.
  2. Census 2011 was the 15th census of india & 7th census after Independece
  3. The motto of census 2011 was “Our Census, Our future”.
  4. Total estimated cost of the Census was INR2200 crore (US$350 million).
  5. First census in 1872.
  6. Present Registrar General & Census Commissioner – C.Chandra Mouli
  7. Total Population – 1,210,569,573 (1.21 Billion)
  8. India in 2nd rank in population with 17.64%. decadal growth & China is 1st rank with decadal growth 19% (over 1.35 billion)
  9. World Population is 7 Billions
  10. Increase in population during 2001 – 2011 is 181 Million

Population – 1210.19 million [Males – 623.7 million (51.54%) Females – 586.46 million (48.46%)]

            Top Populous of the Country
1 Uttar Pradesh 19,98,12,341
2 Maharashtra 11,23,74,333
3 Bihar 10,40,99,452
4 West Bengal 9,12,76,115
5 Andhra Pradesh 8,45,80,777
           Least Populous of the Country
1 Lakshadweep 64,473
2 Daman and Diu 2,43,247
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 3,43,709
4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3,80,581
5 Sikkim 6,10,577

Population Highlight

Highest Populous UT Delhi
Least Populous UT Lakshadweep
Highest Populous state Uttar Pradesh
Least populous state Sikkim
Highest urban Population in india (state& UT) Maharashtra – 4,11,00,980
Lowest urban Population in india (state& UT) Lakshadweep – 26,967
Highest Rular Population in india (state& UT) Uttar Pradesh – 13,16,58,339
Lowest Rular Population in india (state& UT) Lakshadweep – 33,683

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

Sex ratio in India 943
Highest sex ratio in state Kerala (1084)
Lowest sex ratio in state Haryana (879)
Highest sex ratio in UT Pondicherry (1037)
Lowest sex ratio in UT Daman and Diu (618)
Child (0-6 years) sex ratio 914
Highest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Mizoram (971)
Lowest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Haryana (830)

Literacy Rate in India

Total Person Literacy Rate 74%
Males 82.14%
Females 65.46%
Highest Literacy Rate in State Kerala (94%)
Lowest Literacy Rate in State Bihar (61.8%)
Hightest Literacy Rate in UT Lakshadweep (91%)
Lowest Literacy Rate in UT Dadra and Nagar Haveli (76.24%)

List Of Mergers & Acquisitions Of Bank In India

List Of Mergers & Acquisitions Of Bank In India

1465   24-Jun-2018, Sun

From 2010 to 2017
Name of the Banks Acquired  Name of the Banks got Merged Year of Merging happened
State Bank of India Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) 2017
State Bank of India State Bank of Travancore (SBT) 2017
State Bank of India State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur (SBBJ) 2017
State Bank of India State Bank of Hyderabad (SBH) 2017
State Bank of India State Bank of Mysore (SBM) 2017
State Bank of India State Bank of Patiala (SBP) 2017
Kotak Mahindra Bank ING Vyasa Bank 2014
ICICI Bank Bank of Rajasthan Ltd. 2010

 

From 2000 to 2009
Name of the Banks Acquired Name of the Banks got Merged Year of Merging happened
HDFC Bank Centurion Bank of Punjab 2008
ICICI Bank Ltd Sangli Bank 2007
Indian Overseas Bank Bharat Overseas Bank 2007
Centurion Bank of Punjab Lord Krishna Bank 2006
Federal Bank Ganesh Bank of Kurandwad 2006
 Nainital Bank Bank of Baroda 2006
IDBI Ltd United Western Bank 2006
IDBI Ltd IDBI Bank 2005
Bank of Punjab(POB) Centurion Bank 2005
Bank of Baroda South Gujarat Local Area Bank 2004
Oriental Bank of Commerce Global Trust Bank 2004
Punjab National Bank Nedungadi Bank Ltd. 2003
ICICI Bank ICICI Ltd. 2002
Bank of Baroda Benares State Bank Ltd. 2002
ICICI Bank Ltd Bank of Madura Ltd 2001
HDFC Bank Ltd. Times Bank Ltd. 2000

 

From 1990 to 1999
Name of the Banks Acquired Name of the Banks got Merged Year of Merging happened
Bank of Baroda Bareilly Corporation Bank Ltd. 1999
Union Bank of India Sikkim Bank Ltd. 1999
Oriental Bank of Commerce Bari Doab Bank Ltd. 1997
Oriental Bank of Commerce Punjab Co-operative Bank Ltd. 1996
State Bank of India Kashinath State Bank Ltd 1995
Bank of India Bank of Karad Ltd. 1994
Punjab National Bank New Bank of India 1993
 Bank Of India Parur Central Bank Ltd. 1990
Central Bank Of India  Purbanchal Bank Ltd. 1990
Indian Bank Bank of Thanjavur Ltd. 1990
Indian Overseas Bank Bank of Tamilnadu Ltd 1990

 

Before 1990
Name of the Banks Acquired Name of the Banks got Merged Year of Merging happened
Allahabad Bank United Industrial Bank Limited 1989
Bank of Baroda Traders Bank Ltd 1988
Punjab National Bank Hindustan Commercial Bank Ltd 1986
State Bank of India Bank of Cochin Ltd 1985
Canara Bank Lakshmi Commercial Bank Ltd 1985
Union Bank of India Miraj State Bank Ltd 1985
State Bank of India National Bank of Lahore Ltd 1970
State Bank of India Bank of Bihar Ltd 1969

List Important International Organizations And Their Headquarters

List Important International Organizations And Their Headquarters

2617   24-Jun-2018, Sun

  1. World Trade Organization (WTO) –
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Roberto Azevedo
  • Founded on – 1 January, 1995
  1. World Health Organization (WHO) –
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Dr Margaret Chan
  • Founded on – 7 April, 1948
  1. World Economic Forum (WEF) –
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Klaus Schwab
  • Founded on – 1971
  1. International Labour Organisation (ILO) – 
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Guy Ryder
  • Founded on – 1919
  1. United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) –
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – MukhisaKituyi
  • Founded on – 1964
  1. World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) –
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
  • Head – Michel Jarraud
  • Founded on – 1950
  1. International Monetary Fund (IMF) –
  • Headquarters – Washington DC, US
  • Head – Christine Lagarde
  • Founded on – 27 December, 1945
  1. The World Bank –
  • Headquarters – Washington DC, US
  • Founded on – July, 1944
  • President- Jim Young Kim
  1. United Nations Organization (UN) –
  • Headquarters – New York, US
  • Secretary general– Ban Ki-moon
  • Founded on – 1945
  1. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) –
  • Headquarters – New York, US
  • Head – Anthony Lake
  • Founded on – December, 1946
  1. United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) –
  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Head – Irina Bokova
  • Founded on – 16 November, 1945
  1. Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) –
  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Head – Jose Angel Gurria
  • Founded on – 30 September, 1961
  1. North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) –
  • Headquarters – Brussels, Belgium
  • Head – Philip M. Breedlove
  • Founded on – 4 April, 1949
  1. International Maritime Organisation (IMO) –
  • Headquarters – London, UK
  • Head – Ki Tack Lim
  • Founded on – 1959
  1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) –
  • Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
  • Head – Yukiya Amano
  • Founded on – July 29, 1957
  1. Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) –
  • Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
  • Head – Diezani Alison-Madueke
  • Founded on – 1961-62
  1. International Olympic Committee (IOC) –
  • Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland 
  • Head – Thomas Bach
  • Founded on – 23 June, 1894
  1. Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO) –
  • Headquarters – Rome, Italy
  • Head – Jose Graziano da Silva
  • Founded on -16 October, 1945

National Parks in India

The National Parks in India

3751   18-Jun-2018, Mon

National Parks in India

 

Name

State

1. Bandhavgarh National Park

Madhya Pradesh

2. Kanha National Park

Madhya Pradesh

3. Panna National Park

Madhya Pradesh

4. Pench National Park

Madhya Pradesh

5. Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

Kerala

6. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Kerala

7. Eravikulam National Park

Kerala

8. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Kerala

9. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Kerala

10. Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary

Rajasthan

11. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Rajasthan

12. Keoladeo National Park

Rajasthan

13. Nagarhole National Park

Rajasthan

14. Ranthambore National Park

Rajasthan

15. Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary

Rajasthan

16. Rajaji National Park

Uttarakhand

17. Corbett National Park

Uttarakhand

18. Manas National Park

Assam

19. Kaziranga National Park

Assam

20. Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary

Maharashtra

21. Mahim Nature Park

Maharashtra

22. Dachigam National Park

J&K

23. Hemis High Altitude Park

J&K

24. Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

Odisha

25. Nandankanan Zoo

Odisha

26. Similipal National Park

Odisha

27. Bandipur National Park

Karnataka

28. Dandeli National Park

Karnataka

29. Dudhwa National Park

Uttar Pradesh

30. Gir National Park

Gujarat

31. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Tamilnadu

32. Nagarjunasagar Wildlife Sanctuary

Telangana

33. Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

34. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary

Haryana (Gurgoan)

35. Sunderbans Tiger Reserve

West Bengal

Important Terminology Used in Games

Important Terminology Used in Games

446   18-Jun-2018, Mon

                                              Some Important Terminology Used in Games

Sr. No.
Words Used
Games
1.        
Drop
Rowing 
2.        
Let, Smash, Deuce, Uber Cup, Thomas cup
Badminton
3.        
Bishop, Checkmate, Knight
Chess
4.        
Cover Drive, Boundary, L.B.W.(Leg Before Wicket), C.W.B.(Caught Behind Wicket)   , Ashes , Googly, Duleep Trophy, Ranji Trophy, Wisden Trophy
Cricket
5.        
Hitter, Batter
Baseball
6.        
Caddie, Tee, Par, Put
Golf
7.        
Target, Bull’s Eye           
Archery
8.        
Corner, Bully, Stick, Long Corner
Hockey
9.        
Jump Ball           
Basketball
10.    
Cue, Cannon, Long Jenny, Jigger
Billiards
11.    
Knockout, Welter Weight, Jab, Cut
Boxing
12.    
Dribble, Corner Kick, Penalty, Yellow Card, Tie-Breaker, Subroto Cup, B. C. Roy Trophy, Durand Cup
Football
13.    
Davis Cup, Wimbledon Trophy, French Open, U S. Open
Tennis
14.    
Plug, Muzzle
Shooting
15.    
Derby Cup
Horse Racing

Important Revolutions in India

Important Revolutions in India

1427   18-Jun-2018, Mon

Important Revolutions in India:-

1. Green Revolution Food grains 

2. Grey Revolution – Fertilizer

3. Pink Revolution - Onion production/Pharmaceutical (India)/Prawn production 

4. Red Revolution - Meat & Tomato Production 

5. Yellow Revolution - Oil Seeds production

6. Evergreen Revolution - Overall development of Agriculture 

7. Black Revolution - Petroleum Production 

8. Blue Revolution - Fish Production 

9. Brown Revolution - Leather/nonconventional (India)/Cocoa production 

10. Golden Fiber Revolution - Jute Production 

11. Golden Revolution - Fruits/Overall Horticulture development/Honey Production 

12. Round Revolution – Potato 

13. Silver Fiber Revolution – Cotton 

14. Silver Revolution – Egg and Poultry Production 

15. White Revolution (In India: Operation Flood) - Milk/Dairy production 


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