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The Union Public Service Commission conducts recruitment exams for a variety of Group A and a few Group B posts in the Indian government every year. The most prestigious and the most competitive exam conducted by the UPSC is the Civil Services Examination.

The pattern of UPSC Civil Service Exam 2022 and the respective important dates are as follows:

  1. UPSC CSE (Preliminary) – June 5, 2022
  2. UPSC CSE (Main) – September 16, 2022, onwards
  3. IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test

This article covers, in-depth, the written stage of the Civil Services exam i.e. UPSC Mains for the year 2022. Reliable Academy taking an initiative for the 1st time in Mumbai to start the UPSC coaching classes in Thane & Mumbai. Delhi's best expert team of theIAShub is going to be participating to teach UPSC preparations.

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Latest Updates about UPSC Mains 2022

The UPSC Notification 2022 was released on 2nd February 2022. The Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam 2022 is scheduled to be conducted on 5th June 2022. After the Prelims exam result declaration, the eligible candidates who have cleared the Prelims 2022 have to fill DAF-I to appear in UPSC Mains 2022 which is expected to commence from 16th September 2022 onwards.

All the updates related to UPSC 2022 exam, will be notified here for candidates’ reference.

UPSC Mains – IAS Exam 2022

Topics covered in this article:

  • What is the UPSC Mains Exam/CSE(Main)/IAS Mains
  • How many candidates will appear for UPSC Mains 2022
  • How to apply for UPSC Mains 2022
  • Preparation Strategy for UPSC Mains 2022
  • UPSC Mains Exam Pattern for IAS exam 2022
  • Important information regarding UPSC Mains and UPSC Mains Syllabus
  • UPSC Mains Syllabus – IAS exam 2022
    • Qualifying Papers
    • Essay
    • General Studies
    • Optional Subjects

What is the UPSC Mains Exam/CSE (Main)/IAS Mains?

The UPSC Mains exam is the second stage of the Civil Services Examination. IAS aspirants who clear the Prelims i.e. those who score above the cutoff in General Studies Paper I and more than 33% marks in General Studies Paper-II (CSAT) are eligible to appear for the UPSC Mains.

Candidates who aspire to become IAS, IPS, IFS and IRS officers have to give UPSC Mains before they are cleared for the IAS interview/UPSC Personality Test stage.

How many candidates appeared for UPSC Mains 2021?

As per UPSC, the total candidates allowed to appear for UPSC mains are twelve to thirteen times the number of Civil Sevice vacancies for that exam year. For UPSC 2021, the total number of vacancies is 712 so accordingly around 10 thousand candidates are expected to have written the UPSC Mains 2021.

How to apply for UPSC Mains 2022?

Once the Civil Services Exam (Preliminary) results are declared, successful candidates will have to fill out the online Detailed Application Form (DAF) for UPSC Mains on the official website (upsc.gov.in).

The DAF for UPSC Mains has six modules/sections:

  • Personal
  • Educational Information
  • Parental Information
  • Employment Information
  • Upload documents
  • Final Submission

Some fields like name, Date of birth, exam centre for UPSC Mains, etc will be prepopulated in the UPSC Mains DAF from the information provided at the time of filling the UPSC online application for CSE(Preliminary).

Note – Once Final Submission is done no changes are allowed online, so candidates should be extra careful and cross-check all details which filling the DAF for UPSC Mains.

Also, this DAF forms the basis of a lot of questions in the IAS interview/UPSC Personality test stage so make sure that you keep a copy of it for your reference.

Preparation Strategy for UPSC Mains 2022

  • Current Affairs are an important part of the UPSC Exam (for Prelims and for UPSC Mains). Ideally, aspirants should prepare Current Affairs for at least 12-15 months i.e. UPSC Mains exam in 2022 will be held in September 2022, so candidates should prepare Current Affairs from June 2020 onwards.
  • Important sources for current affairs preparation for IAS exam 2022 are:
    • Yojana Magzine
    • Newspapers (The Hindu/The Indian Express)
    • Press Information Bureau (PIB)
    • Economic and Political Weekly (EPW)
  • Candidates should prepare for UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains simultaneously as there is a syllabus overlap.
  • As per UPSC, marks in the Civil Services(Main) exam are not given for superficial answers, so candidates should do answer writing practice.

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern for IAS 2022

The UPSC Mains or CSE (Main) pattern was revised in 2015. As per the revised pattern, the UPSC Mains 2022 will comprise nine theory papers (essay descriptive type). Out of the nine papers, only seven will be counted for merit ranking. Candidates also have to choose one optional subject for UPSC Mains. More on UPSC Mains optional later in the article.

The maximum marks for the UPSC Mains exam are 1750 (7 papers * 250 marks each). All papers are of three-hour duration.

The UPSC Mains pattern for Civil Services Exam 2022 is given below:

S.No Papers Subject Nature of Exam Total Marks
1 Paper A Indian Language Qualifying 300
2 Paper B English Qualifying 300
3 Paper I Essay Counted for Merit 250
4 Paper II General Studies (GS) I Counted for Merit 250
5 Paper III General Studies (GS) II Counted for Merit 250
6 Paper IV General Studies (GS) III Counted for Merit 250
7 Paper V General Studies (GS) IV Counted for Merit 250
8 Paper VI Optional Subject Paper-I Counted for Merit 250
9 Paper VII Optional Subject Paper-II Counted for Merit 250

Important information regarding UPSC Mains and UPSC Mains Syllabus

  • An IAS aspirant’s marks in UPSC Mains and IAS interview determine his/her final rank in the merit list
  • The UPSC Mains intends to assess the depth of a candidate’s knowledge. Hence marks will only be given for “relevant, meaningful, and succinct answers.”
  • The questions in UPSC Mains test aspirant’s basic understanding, ability to analyse and “take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands.”
  • Although UPSC maintains that for General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V), a “well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialised study,” candidates are advised to go through previous year UPSC question papers to ascertain for themselves whether they need ‘specialised study.’
  • Candidates are allowed to use Scientific(Non-Programmable) calculators in UPSC Mains if needed.
  • The level of examination for the optional subjects in UPSC Mains will be equivalent to an honours degree (between bachelors’ and masters’ level). Only for engineering subjects, Law and Medical Science, the scope is limited to the bachelors’ degree level.

UPSC Mains Syllabus – IAS Exam 2022

The UPSC Mains syllabus 2022 can be divided into two parts:

  1. Qualifying Papers
    1. Paper A
    2. Paper B
  2. Papers which are counted for merit ranking
    1. Essay
    2. General Studies (Paper II to Paper V)
    3. Optional Subject (Two Papers)

Read on for the paper-wise syllabus for UPSC Mains 2020. Also, you can download the updated

UPSC Mains Syllabus and Exam Pattern for Qualifying Papers

In UPSC Mains, candidates have to score a minimum of 25% marks in Paper A and Paper B otherwise their marks in other papers will not be taken into account. The pattern/syllabus for qualifying papers in UPSC Mains is given below:

Paper Exam Pattern
Paper A – Indian Language (any of the Indian languages listed in the 8th schedule of the Constitution)
  1. Comprehension of given passages.
  2. Precis Writing
  3. Usage and Vocabulary
  4. Short Essays
  5. Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa
Paper B – English
  1. Comprehension of given passages.
  2. Precis Writing
  3. Usage and Vocabulary
  4. Short Essays

Important information regarding UPSC Mains qualifying papers:

  • Paper A and Paper B test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious prose in the given language and to express her/her views correctly and clearly.
  • The marks in Paper A and Paper B in UPSC Mains will not be counted for merit but if candidates score below 25% in either of these two papers, then their marks in the remaining papers will not even be declared.
  • The level of Paper A and Paper B is of a Matriculation (or equivalent) level.
  • Paper A (Indian Language) in UPSC Mains is not compulsory for candidates hailing from Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim

UPSC Mains Syllabus for Essay Paper

As such the UPSC Mains syllabus doesn’t have a prescribed section for the Essay paper. In the essay paper in UPSC Mains, candidates have to write two essays out of a few given options for a total of 250 marks. As per the UPSC, “Candidates are expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.”

UPSC Mains Syllabus for General Studies

The UPSC Mains syllabus for GS papers covers broadly the following subjects/areas:

UPSC Mains Paper II – General Studies I UPSC Mains Paper III – General Studies II UPSC Mains Paper IV – General Studies III UPSC Mains Paper V – General Studies IV
Indian Heritage and Culture Governance Technology Ethics
History and Geography of the World Constitution Economic Development Integrity
Society Polity Environment, Biodiversity Aptitude
Social Justice International relations Security and Disaster Management -

UPSC Mains Syllabus for Optional Subjects

Since the pattern change in UPSC Mains, candidates now have to choose only one optional subject. There are two papers based on the optional subject for a total of 500 marks (250 marks * 2 papers) which are counted for the merit ranking.

The list of optional subjects for the UPSC IAS exam 2022 and links to the detailed syllabi for each optional subject are given below:

List of optional subjects in UPSC Mains 2022 Detailed Syllabus
1 Agriculture Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Agriculture
2 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Animal Husbandry & Vet Science
3 Anthropology Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Agriculture
4 Botany Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Botany
5 Chemistry Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Chemistry
6 Civil Engineering Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Civil Engg
7 Commerce & Accountancy Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Commerce & Accountancy
8 Economics Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Economics
9 Electrical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Electrical Engg
10 Geography Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Geography
11 Geology Syllabus for UPSC Mains Optional – Geology
12 History Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – History
13 Law Syllabus for CSE (Main) Optional – Law
14 Management Syllabus for CSE (Main) Optional – Management
15 Mathematics Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Mathematics
16 Mechanical Engineering Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Mech Engg
17 Medical Science Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Medical Science
18 Philosophy Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Philosophy
19 Physics Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Physics
20 Political Science & International Relations Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Political Science & IR
21 Psychology Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Psychology
22 Public Administration Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Public Administration
23 Sociology Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Sociology
24 Statistics Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Statistics
25 Zoology Syllabus for CSE(Main) Optional – Zoology
26 Assamese (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Assamese Lit
27 Bengali (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Bengali Lit
28 Bodo (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Bodo Lit
29 Dogri (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Dogri Lit
30 Gujarati (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Gujarati Lit
31 Hindi (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Hindi Lit
32 Kannada (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Kannada Lit
33 Kashmiri (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Kashmiri Lit
34 Konkani (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Konkani Lit
35 Maithili (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Maithali Lit
36 Malayalam (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Malayalam Lit
37 Manipuri (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Manipuri Lit
38 Marathi (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Marathi Lit
39 Nepali (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Nepali Lit
40 Oriya (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Oriya Lit
41 Punjabi (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Punjabi Lit
42 Sanskrit (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Sanskrit Lit
43 Santhali (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Santhali Lit
44 Sindhi (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Sindhi Lit
45 Tamil (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Tamil Lit
46 Telugu (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Telugu Lit
47 Urdu (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – Urdu Lit
48 English (Literature) Syllabus for IAS Mains Optional – English Lit

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