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UPSC Prelims 2021 successfully took place on 10th October 2021. The Result of UPSC Prelims 2021 was out on 29th October 2021.

UPSC Prelims 2022 to take place on 5th June 2022.

UPSC Prelims 2022 - Exam Pattern

The UPSC Prelims comprises two objective type papers (General Studies I and General Studies II or CSAT) for a total of 400 marks. Both papers are usually held on the same day in two sessions via offline mode (pen-paper).

The Prelims Admit Card would be released on the official website of UPSC 2-3 weeks before the date of the exam. Reliable Academy is the best upsc coaching classes in Thane, Mumbai.

UPSC Classes in Mumbai
UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern General Studies I General Studies II or CSAT
Number of questions 100 80
Negative Marking Yes (1/3rd of the maximum marks for the question)
-0.66 marks for every incorrect answer
Yes (1/3rd of the maximum marks for the question)
-0.83 marks for every incorrect answer
Duration of exam 2 hours 2 hours
UPSC Prelims 2022 Date of exam 5th June 2022 5th June 2022
Language of exam English/Hindi English/Hindi
Maximum marks 200 200
Cut Off marks Counted for Merit. Cutoff varies every year. 33% qualifying criteria (66 marks)

UPSC Prelims 2022 – Syllabus

The detailed UPSC Prelims syllabus for 2022 Exam is given below:

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General Studies Paper-1 Syllabus:

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation.
  • General Science.

General Studies Paper-2 (CSAT) Syllabus:

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).
  • English language comprehension skills – Class X level.

90 Day Preparation Strategy for UPSC Prelims

UPSC Prelims date for 2022 exam is 5th June 2022. The following strategies will help candidates to score well in the exam.

  • Current Affairs are an important part of UPSC Prelims. Ideally, aspirants should prepare Current Affairs from now to have updated information on relevant incidents on a regular basis.
  • Important sources for current affairs preparation for UPSC exam 2022 are:
    • Yojana Magazine
    • Newspapers (The Hindu/The Indian Express)
    • Press Information Bureau (PIB)
    • Economic and Political Weekly (EPW)
  • However, if you are pressed for time, Reliable Academy's free IAS preparation provides:
    • The gist of Yojana
    • The gist of EPW
    • Daily video analysis of The Hindu
    • Economy This Week for UPSC Preparation
  • Candidates should prepare for UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains simultaneously as there is a syllabus overlap.
  • Focus Areas for different subjects in UPSC Prelims
    1. Indian Independence movement:
      • Main congress sessions with the year, president and important resolutions
      • Significant viceroys and their period with important decisions
      • The Government of India Acts 1909, 1919, 1935 and charter acts
    2. Ancient history:
      • Hindu philosophy, Buddhism and Jainism
      • Mauryan and Gupta Period
      • Art, architecture and scientific development during that period
    3. Medieval history:
      • Important kings such as Sher Shah, Akbar, etc.
      • Delhi Sultanate
    4. Polity:
      • Here, importance should be given to current events, such as any changes in the constitution, new acts or amendments, and schemes
      • Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
      • Committee system, parliament, and parliamentary proceedings
      • Judiciary
      • Constitutional bodies
    5. S&T:
      • For basic science concepts, refer to NCERT books selectively as in-depth knowledge is not needed
      • Focus on current affairs part
    6. Environment and Ecology:
      • Important declarations, conventions
      • IUCN’s Red List
      • Biosphere Reserves, Tiger Reserves etc.
      • International bodies
    7. Geography:
      • Solar system
      • Latitudes and longitudes
      • Layers of the atmosphere
      • Global atmospheric wind, cyclones
      • Pressure belts
      • Revolution, rotation and seasons
      • Monsoons
      • Types of rainfall
      • Koeppen classification
      • Jet streams, ocean currents
      • El Nino, La Nina
      • India’s physical geography (NCERT)
      • Rivers, hills, soil (India)
      • Mineral resources (India), Geological history of India
      • Basics of agriculture (NCERT)
      • Maps
    8. Economy:
      • Importance should be given to current events like new bills and important committees
      • focus on basic and fundamental concepts like:
        • Growth and development, poverty, unemployment, inflation
        • State of the national and global economy
        • Major committees and bills
        • Latest budget and economic survey

UPSC Prelims – Trend Analysis

UPSC has established itself to be predictably unpredictable. So, candidates should only see the trends as a reference and not draw too much inference. In the table given below, we have broken down the UPSC Prelims 2019, UPSC Prelims 2020 and UPSC Prelims 2021 GS 1 papers:

UPSC Prelims 2021 GS Paper 1 Subject-Wise Analysis
Subject Number of questions
History 20
Economy 10
Polity 14
Environment & Ecology 11
Geography 10
Science & Technology 08
Current Affairs 27
Total 100
UPSC Prelims 2020 GS Paper 1 Subject-Wise Analysis
Subject Number of questions
History 18
Economy 14
Polity 16
Environment & Ecology 17
Geography 10
Science & Technology 10
Current Affairs 15
Total 100

UPSC Prelims – Study Material for IAS preparation

A big part of UPSC preparation is selecting the right study material. Studying from the best Civil services Prelims Books will be both efficient and effective. For both, UPSC Prelims and Mains, NCERTs are a must because of their credibility and easy to understand language.

Candidates who clear the UPSC IAS Prelims have to fill the Detailed Application Form (DAF) before they can take the Mains Exam.

Frequently Asked Questions on UPSC Prelims Exam

Is the UPSC prelims exam only qualifying in nature?

Yes, the IAS prelims exam is only qualifying in nature. For the General Studies Paper-1, the cut off varies from year to year. However, for the CSAT paper, 33% is the qualifying criteria.

What is the syllabus for the UPSC prelims exam?

The syllabus for GS Paper 1 is current affairs, History of India and Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography, Economic and Social Development, Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change, and General Science. As for the CSAT paper, it tests the analytical skills, reasoning ability and Interpersonal skills of the candidate.

How many exams are there in UPSC Prelims?

There are two papers in the IAS preliminary examination: GS Paper 1 and GS Paper 2 (CSAT). The maximum marks for each of these papers is 200 and the number of questions asked is 100 and 80, respectively.

What is the educational qualification to apply for the civil services prelims exam?

To apply for the civil services exam, the applicant must possess a minimum of a Bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

Is the IAS prelims an offline or online paper?

The UPSC prelims exam is conducted through offline mode, i.e., the pen and paper mode.

Reliable Academy is now attached with Delhi's best upsc coaching team of the IAS hub institute. theIAShub is the best coaching institute in India for providing top UPSC IAS preperation to aspirants.

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