Combine Defense Service

Combine Defense Service

5215   22-Dec-2017, Fri

UPSC CDS I 2018 Exam Overview :

UPSC CDS (I) 2018 Application Form has been released on 8th Nov 2017. This examination is said to be conducted on 4th Feb 2018. All the aspiring candidates can apply from 8th Nov to 4th Dec and UPSC CDS Application Form 2018 is available on the official website of UPSC. This examination is conducted to recruit officers in Army, Navy, Airforce. It is primarily organized by UPSC for the recruitment of officers. This exam is conducted twice in a year. This dream job in defense is aspired by many across the country. The students who qualify the written examination will be further called for the selection process. The selection process is a two stages process i.e., Written test and the SSB Interview. The SSB Interview consists of two tests i.e. Psychological Test and Intelligence Test. Both of these tests are determined to test the mental as well as the physical strength of the candidate.

CDS 2018 Application form submission has been closed now for CDS I exam 2018. The examination will be held on 4th Feb 2018.

About UPSC CDS: Union Public Service Commission is a National Platform which conducts various examinations like the Civil Services Examination, Engineering Service Examination, CDS Exam, etc. Its official website is The headquarters of the UPSC is situated in New Delhi, India. All the candidates who aspire to join defense services and wants to apply for CDS (I) 2018 Exam, can go through all the relevant information mentioned below.

CDS 2018 Vacancy Details :

Every year a significant number of candidates appears in the CDS exam, but there are only limited vacancies. These vacancies are reserved for the students who will qualify all the stages involved in the selection process. Though the number of vacancies is for CDS (I) 2018 has been mentioned below, but all of these vacancies are distributed in different departments like IMA, INA, IAA, OTA. We have also mentioned here the units in which the qualified students will be divided as per their preferences.

CDS I 2018 Vacancy Details

Total Number of Vacancies: 414

Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun - 100

Officers Training Academy, Chennai (For Women) - 12

Air Force Academy, Hyderabad - 32

Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala - 45 

Officers Training Academy, Chennai (For Men) - 225

UPSC CDS I 2018 Important Dates :


CDS I 2018 Dates

CDS I 2018 Online Registration Starts From

8th Nov 2017

Last Date to Fill CDS 1 Application Form

4th December 2017

CDS 1 Admit Card 2018

January 2018

CDS 1 Exam Date 2018

4th Feb 2018

CDS 1 Result 2018 declaration date

Update Soon

SSB Interview

Update Soon

Final Result

Update Soon



So. these were the UPSC CDS I 2018 Exam Date and Other information will be updated soon.

UPSC CDS I Eligibility Criteria :

Candidates should check the eligibility first to apply for the recruitment process. Before going directly towards the application form, you should read the eligibility criteria for UPSC CDS 2018 Online Registration. There is a different standard for all the defense academy. We have mentioned here the age limits which are eligible to give the examination. So Let’s checks it out.


Educational Qualification

Age Group

Indian Military Academy

Graduation or Equivalent Degree

20-25 years

Indian Naval Academy

Degree in Engineering

20-24 years

Indian Airforce Academy

Degree in B.E or with 10+2 Certificate

20-25 years

Officer’s Training Academy(Women)

Graduation in any discipline from recognized University

Unmarried Candidates (20-25 years)

Officer’s Training Academy (Men)

Graduation in any discipline from a recognized university

Unmarried Candidates (20-25 years)


UPSC CDS Application Form :

The CDS Application Form 2018 has been released and online registration also started from 8th Nov 2017. Now, all the eligible candidates are searching for the Procedure to apply for CDS I 2018 Exam. We are here to give you complete details, regarding the application procedure of CDS. The UPSC has updated CDS notification, which is given below. Candidates are advised to apply fill CDS 2018 Application form before the last date (4th December 2017). Otherwise, their application form will be rejected. To apply for the examination, you need to visit the official website on the link, and then the application form will be displayed on the screen. Fill the form carefully, avoid errors while filling the form else your form will be exempted. Fill in all the details carefully and read them thoroughly before submitting to prevent mistakes. After filling in the form click on submit button. Scanned copy of your photograph and signature will be required while filling the form. 

How to Apply for CDS I Exam  ?

1.  Visit the official website of UPSC i.e.

2.  You will land on to the homepage, then select career section.

3.  Now click on the notification of recruitment process CDS-I 2018 Exam Notification

4.  When you click on that notification, the form will be displayed along with the instruction set.

5.  Read all the stated instructions carefully into it.

6.  After reading all the instructions, fill in all the application form.

7.  Fill in all the credentials mentioned in the form correctly.

8.  Upload your scanned photograph and signature, in the required column.

9.  If you're filled information is correct, then click on the submit button.

10. Make the Application Fee Payment for the CDS I 2018 Application Form.

11. Now, they will take you to the page where your full application will be displayed.

12. Take a printout of that application form for future reference

13. Your recruitment form is submitted now. You will get an update in your mail account.

CDS Application Fee :

The CDS II Application Fee is Rs. 200 for all candidates except female, SC, and ST candidates because they are exempted from application fee. Candidates can pay application fee by depositing the money in any SBI Branch by cash, or by using net banking facility of SBI, SBBJ (State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur)/ SBH (State Bank of Hyderabad)/ SBM (State Bank of Mysore)/ SBP (State Bank of Patiala) /State Bank of Travancore or by using Credit OR Debit Card.

​​​​​​ UPSC CDS Exam Pattern :

To start the preparation for CDS I 2018 Exam, you should be aware of the examination pattern. The marking scheme and the distribution of subjects play a major role in development. Here we will endow you with the brief idea about the structure and pattern of the examination CDS 2018. To attempt all the questions on time you the candidate should be aware of the total duration and the number of questions asked in the recruitment of CDS 2018 Exam 1 & 2. To explain the examination, the applicant should know the detailed syllabus of English and Elementary Mathematics.

CDS Exam Pattern for INA, IMA, IAA






2 Hours

Elementary Maths


2 Hours

General Knowledge (GK)


2 Hours



For the three above mentioned Academy we have three sections in the written examination which is of total 300 marks.

CDS Exam Pattern For OTA




General Knowledge (GK)


2 Hours



2 Hours


UPSC CDS Syllabus :




Number System, Unitary method compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation, Elementary Number Theory. H.C.F. and L.C.M, Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms , Algebra, trigonometry, geometry, areas , menstruation and statistics

General knowledge

Current events, daily news paper headlines, chemistry, history, geography etc.


Basic grammar topics, comprehension, synonyms, antonyms, Para jumbles and error spotting.


UPSC CDS Selection Procedure :

A huge number of benefits and allowances are given to the army personnel. The pay scale of the military men starts from 15000/- rupees per month with many extra benefits. The officer is also provided with a house and a personal car. It is a national level examination conducted by the UPSC and also considered among the toughest exams of India. CDS-I 2018 online exam has following three stages:

After the submission of the application form CDS-I 2018. The online exam date will be given on the official website.

The online exam will be conducted across the country.

After the selection in the online written test, you will get selected for SSB Interview.

SSB Selection Process will test the physical and mental ability of the candidate.

Selected Candidates will be called for the last step that is document verification followed by personal interview.

So these were the three stages of the selection procedure of the CDS Recruitment 2018. To be successful in this examination, there has to be consistency and precision. You have to practice more. The test level of CDS Examination is very high. The three topics i.e. general knowledge, English, and maths should be learned thoroughly. To prepare for this examination, self-study is a must, beyond that, you can also take online mock drills and buy online study materials. It will help you in the better understanding of the main paper. The SSB test will be aimed to test the mental and physical ability required to be an officer. Afterward, your documents will be verified.

Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)

Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)

12506   22-Dec-2017, Fri

CAPF AC Overview :

The UPSC CAPF AC 2018 Notification will be released on 25th April by the Union Public Service Commission. This year total 500 vacancies are expected to be released for Assistant Commandants (ACs) Posts in the Central Armed Police Forces. CAPF AC exam will be held on 12th August 2018. A huge number of candidates are waiting to fill CAPF Application Form 2018 to get a job in UPSC department as Assistant Commandants and they already started their preparation. All the candidates who want to apply online for CAPF Recruitment 2018 will have to wait till the notification declaration The commission will invite applicants to recruit them for CAPF 2018 Assistant Commandants Posts.

Latest Updates - According to the UPSC 2018 Calendar, CAPF AC 2018 Recruitment Notification will be released on 25th April. Candidates will be able to fill CAPF Application Form 2018 from 25th April to 21st May 2018 via online mode.

We have mentioned all the required details such as CAPF AC 2018 Recruitment, Vacancy Details, Educational Qualification, Age Limit, How to fill Application Form, Exam Dates, Exam pattern, Syllabus, Selection procedure, etc.

Applicants who are eligible according to the eligibility criteria can apply for CAPF AC 2018 exam, this is one of the bests career opportunity if you want to pursue the career in the Army. Suitable applicants who all are interested in Army Jobs or Central Government Jobs can apply for these posts before the last date. UPSC conducts CAPF AC recruitment for the Assistant Commandants post in BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP, and SSB.

The UPSC board founded on 1st October 1926 by the government of India (GOI). UPSC official website is where you can find all the relevant notification regarding CAPF 2018. The headquarters of the UPSC is in New Delhi, India. The present chairman of UPSC is Mr. David Reid Syiemlieh. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) board conducts various exams like IFS, NDA, CDS, IAS, IPRS, SCRA and more.

CAPF AC Important Dates :

It is necessary to know the exam dates. To keep you update, we have provided the tentative dates for CAPF 2018 Recruitment Process.


Date (Tentative)

CAPF 2018 Official Notification Release Date

25th April 2018

Starting Date to fill UPSC CAPF Application Form 2018

25th April 2018

Last Date to Submit CAPF 2018 Online Form

21st May 2018

Last Date to Pay Application Fee

21st May 2018

CAPF AC 2018 Exam Date

12th August 2018


October 2018



Note: The dates are subject to change. The UPSC has authority to change the tentative dates under any circumstances.

CAPF AC Vacancy Details :

As we know, the CAPF 2018 Recruitment Notification will be released in April and approx 500 vacancies are expected to be announced this year in the department of BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP, and SSB. We have provided some basic details about the CAPF AC 2018 Vacancy, which is helpful for candidates.

Name of the Organization:- UPSC 

Examination Name: -  CAPF (ACs) 2018

Post's Name:-  Assistant Commandants (ACs)

Total Number of Vacancies:- 500 (Expected)

CAPF Eligibility Criteria :

The eligibility criterion is the primary factor which considered in the recruitment. These criteria make sure whether you are eligible for the competitive examination or not. Before filling the CAPF 2018 application form, candidates are suggested to check eligibility criteria carefully.

Eligibility Criteria for CAPF AC Exam 2018

Educational Qualification

Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree from a government recognized Institute or university.


A citizen of India (mandatory)

Age Limit

Candidates age should be between 20 to 25 years as on 1st August 2018. Candidate must have been not born earlier than 2nd August 1993 and not later than 1st August 1998.

Gender Eligibility

Male/Female both are eligible to apply for the posts of Assistant Commandant in CRPF, CISF, SSB, BSF.


The candidates must have to satisfy the medical standards made by the CAPF.



Note: - Age relaxation will be applicable as per the govt rules for reserved category candidates. For more details, candidates will have to wait till notification declaration.

CAPF Application Form :

After the release of UPSC CAPF 2018 Recruitment, interested candidates will move to fill the CAPF 2018 Application From to apply online. However, as you know if you are not eligible as per the required educational qualification, age limit, and other needed eligibility criteria, then you will not able to apply for CAPR AC 2018 examination. Thus, before filling the CAPF AC Online From 2018 must ensure the eligibility criteria. The CAPF AC application form will be released online on the official website of UPSC, and candidates will be able to apply online from 25th April to 21st May 2018. Once read the below mentioned steps to apply online.

How to fill CAPF 2018 Application Form ?

Visit the official website of UPSC i.e.

Check the recruitment section and read the advertisement

Click on the Apply online

A new window will be open 

Click on the CAPF AC Application Form 2018

The application procedure will be divided into two parts - Part I and Part II

You have to complete Part-I and Part-II registration process 

Pay the Application fee on or before the last date

Submit the online form

CAPF AC Application Fee :

To complete the application procedure, the candidates must have to pay Rs. 200/- as application fee in the Part-2 registration, and the application fee exempted for female/SC/ST candidates. Fees can be paid in cash or through net banking. In net banking, the application fee can be paid through SBI or Visa/ Master Credit/ Debit card.


Application Fee




fee exempted


CAPF AC Exam Pattern :

The exam pattern will help you to know how many questions will be asked in the examination and how many marks you will have to obtain to clear the CAPF AC Exam 2018. As we all know this exam is one of the hard to hit. To achieve success in the exam, you should have the rocketing and sound strategy, and for that, you must study the CAPF 2018 AC Exam Pattern.

The CAPF AC exam divides into two sections- Paper I and Paper II.



Consists of questions from General Ability & Intelligence

Consists of questions from General Studies, Essay & Comprehension

MCQ type questions

conventional/descriptive type questions

Total 125 questions of compulsory type

20 questions of compulsory type

Total marks will be 250

Total marks will be 200

Time duration 2 hours

Time duration 3 hours


Note: There is negative marking for wrong answers for any paper.


CAPF AC Paper I Exam Pattern


Total Questions

Total Marks

General mental ability

125 questions

250 marks

Indian & world geography

General Science

History of India

Indian polity & economy

Current events of national & international importance

General mental ability



CAPF AC Paper II Exam Pattern




Precis writing



Report writing



Essay writing (approx. 800 words)



Question from comprehension & passage



Counter argument type questions



Other grammar questions



Total marks for the paper




CAPF AC 2018 Syllabus :


Exam Syllabus

General Studies

General Polity.

General Science.

Indian Constitution

Eminent Personalities.

Cultural Heritage.



History – India.

Current Events – National & International.

Indian National Movement.

Geography – India.

About India.

Science & Technology etc.

General Intelligence

Analysis and Ranking.

Arithmetical Reasoning.



Problem Solving.


Spatial Orientation.

Space Visualization Decision Making.

Coding and Decoding.

Relationship Concepts

Visual Memory.

Arithmetic Number Series.

Figural Classification.

Statement Conclusion etc.

English Writing

English Grammar

Sentence correction

Precise writing,


essay writing,

counter argument and so forth


CAPF AC Selection Procedure :

Candidates selection will be based on the three stages 

  1. Written Test – Paper I & Paper II
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET) / Medical Standards Test
  3. Personal Interview

Written examination: This exam is divided into two parts: Paper-1 and Paper-2.







Paper I

General Intelligence




2 hours

Paper II

General Studies, Essay & Comprehension (English)

Descriptive type



3 hours



Physical Standards


For Male

For Female


165 cms

157 cms


81 cms (86 cms expanded)



50 kg

46 kg



Note: Pregnant female candidates are not allowed during PET.

Physical Efficiency Tests (PET)




100 mt. race

In 16 seconds

In 18 seconds

800 mt. race

In 3 minutes 45 seconds

In 4 minutes 45 seconds

Long Jump

3.5 mt. (3 chances)

3.0 mt. (3 chances)

Shot-put (7.26 kgs)

4.5 mt.


Personal interview: In this stage, the candidates selected by their personality and behavioral knowledge. This round is to test the character of the candidate. Those students who get shortlisted in the written examination followed by the medical test will get a chance for the interview round.

CAPF AC Admit Card :

The Union Public Service Commission is set to conduct CAPF Assistant commandants written the examination on 12th August 2018. Total 500 vacancies are expected to be announced for Assistant Commandant posts in the department of BSF, CRPF, SSB and ITBP. UPSC will release UPSC CAPF Admit Card 2018 before 10 to 15 days of examination. After downloading the admit card, take a print out of the card because it is mandatory to bring e-admit card on the day of the exam at the examination center. Candidates will be able to download CAPF AC Admit Card 2018 from 3rd week of April from the official website.


CAPF AC Cut off :

The cutoff for CAPF AC exam will be published after the result declaration. The Cut off score is the least marks which are mandatory to secure in the exam. The marks are decided by the commission official to shortlist the most deserving candidates. If the aspirant gets fewer marks then the CAPF Cutoff 2018, then he/she will not get qualified for the next round. The UPSC board will upload the cut off marks for both Male & Female candidates. The UPSC CAPF cutoff Marks 2018 will be released only on the official website of UPSC board. The cut off marks will be different for all the recruitment stages.

CAPF AC Result :

Probably, the UPSC CAPF Result 2018 is expected to be declared online in October 2018. The commission will conduct the exam for Central Armed Police Force on 12th August 2018. This test is one of the reputed exams in the Indian society. The results will be announced by the commission on the official website. You will be able to check CAPF AC Result 2018 from here, after the declaration.

CAPF Online Test Series :

Strong dedication is the best method to achieve success. We recommend you that if you want to get prepared for the exam, you should take online mock tests by that you can analyze yourself daily.  We will provide you CAPF Online Test Series 2018 for the preparation of the exam. The test series will help you in numerous ways. By pursuing test series, you will get familiar with the different types of questions. We recommend all the students to take mock test weekly.

National Defence Academy

National Defence Academy

2766   22-Dec-2017, Fri

NDA 2018 Vacancy Details :

The UPSC will announce the details about the NDA Vacancy 2018 in January. Total 390 posts are expected to be released by UPSC NDA 2018 Notification. The vacancy details are divided among the three sections: Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force academy and Indian Military Academy.

Total Number of Vacancies: 390

National Defence Academy: 335 (208 for Army, 55 for Navy and 72 for Air Force)

Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme): 55 

Note: Vacancies are provisional and may be changed depending on the availability of training capacity of National Defence Academy and Indian Naval Academy.

These are the total vacancies which are divided among the three armed forces of the country. Let us move on to the Eligibility criteria NDA I.

NDA Eligibility Criteria :

Before filling the Application form of NDA exam, candidates must have to check eligibility criteria, which is essential to apply. If you are eligible to fill the NDA I Application Form according to the educational qualification, age limit, and nationality. 

Eligibility Criteria for NDA NA 2018 Exam

Educational Qualification(Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force Academy, and Indian Military Academy).

Candidates must have passed 10+2 (12th) or its equivalent or pursuing from government recognized Institute or board.

Age Limit

18 to 20 Years


Candidates must have Indian Nationality. A Bhutan or Nepal, Tibetan refugee came to India before 1st January 1962 are allowed but they should have the intention to settle permanently in India.

Physical standards

After written exam the medical examination will be held by the SSB to ensure, Candidates physical fitness. Medical tests like Gynecomastia, Tonsillitis, Varicocele, Overweight/Underweight, Undersized Chest, Piles, Wax (Ears), Deviated Nasal Septum, Hydrocele/ Phimosis.

Special requirement for Air force pilot

Special OR Specific Requirements for Air Force Pilot

Leg length =99.00cm 120.00cm

Thigh length =Max 64.00cm

Sitting height =81.50cm 96.00cm



Age Relaxation: There is age relaxation for the reserved category candidates which is based on the government norms.

Note: Only unmarried male candidates can apply for NDA 2018 Exam and Female candidates cannot apply for it. For more details, you have to wait till NDA Notification 2018 release.

UPSC NDA Important Date :

The application form will be out on its official website and it should be filled by the 21 days of declaring. The payment should be made on time otherwise your application form will be rejected. All other latest notification will be updated on their official website. Now straight away Let us check out dates of important events.


NDA I 2018 Dates

NDA II 2018 Dates

UPSC NDA 2018 Notification Release Date

10th January 2018

6th June 2018

Starting Date to Submit NDA NA 2018 Online Form

10th January 2018

6th June 2018

Last Date to Submit NDA 2018 Application Form

5th February 2018

2nd July 2018

Last Date to Pay Application Fee

5th February 2018

2nd July 2018

NDA 2018 Admit Card Release Date

Before 10 to 15 days of Examination

Before 10 to 15 days of Examination

NDA 2018 Exam Date

22nd April 2018

9th September 2018

NDA Result 2018

May 2018

October 2018


UPSC NDA Application Form :

Candidates, if you are interested and eligible as per the required eligibility criteria, then you should apply for the NDA I examination. The notification will be released on the official website on 10th January and candidates will be able to apply online or fill NDA I Application From till 5th February. Candidates are advised to fill NDA Application Form on or before the last date via online mode because this is an online application form and registration process. Already registered candidates can apply via direct login and the new user will have to register first. Here, we have provided some steps which will help you while filling the NDA I Application Form.

How to Fill NDA I Application Form?

Visit the official website -

Check the "Recruitment" Section and Click on the "Advertisements"

Read the full notification carefully

Visit the official website to Apply online -

Firstly, you have to fill part -1 which consist of your personal details

Read carefully all the instruction stated in it

go for the Part-I registration and fill all the details properly otherwise you form will be rejected

Go for the Part-II registration 

Read sensibly all the details after filling it in the form. Make the correct changes which are required in the form and read it again.

Pay the Application Fee

Submit the Application Form and do not forget to take printout

NDA Application Fee :

Now a moreover question is, How to pay the requisite fee? The Payment is done by the debit card or the credit card. You can also pay the fees charges by internet banking. If the candidate is not able to pay through online mode, they can pay fees through offline mode (in nearest SBI bank).


Application Fee


Rs. 100/-

SC/ST/sons of serving/ex-Junior Commissioned Officers or equivalent



NDA Exam Pattern :

The UPSC NDA Exam Pattern is divided into two section: part-1 and part-2.

Part-1 is consist of the mathematical part and part-2 is consist of the general ability. The total maximum marks are 900 and total duration is 5 hours. For every wrong answer in the section the marks will be deducted from the total score -0.83 for Math, -1.33 for English, -1.33 for GK and 2.5 for math, 4 for English, 4 for GK will be awarded for each right answer.

Subject Code Exam Duration Maximum Marks
Mathematics 1 2 ½ Hours 300
General Ability Test 2 2 ½ Hours 600
Total 900
SBS Interview 900
Grand Total 1800


These are the significant details which should be evoked during the exam as well as during preparation for NDA NA. Now start discussing the most important topic i.e. UPSC NDA Exam syllabus.

NDA Syllabus :

PAPER-I MATHEMATICS (Code No. 01) (Maximum Marks-300)

1. ALGEBRA: - Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.

2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS: - Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

3. TRIGONOMETRY: - Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS: - Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: - Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.

6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: - Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves— applications. 18 Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

7. VECTOR ALGEBRA: - Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.


Statistics: - Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.

Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical— examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

PAPER-II GENERAL ABILITY TEST (Code No. 02) (Maximum Marks—600)

Part ‘A’—ENGLISH: The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like : Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE:  The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects : Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. - The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of similar nature not specifically 19 mentioned in the syllabus may also be asked. Candidate’s answers are expected to show their knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.


Cadets selected in NDA will receive a stipend of Rs. 21, 000/- p.m. (Rs.15, 600/- as pay in Pay Band plus Grade Pay of Rs.5, 400/-) during the entire session of training. The period of training is not treated as appointed service.

We have explained you important points regarding exam pattern, Exam syllabus, and important dates. Now let us move on to the next topic selection procedure NDA.

NDA Selection Procedure :

After successful submission of the application form, finally, you have to download your admit card from the official website of UPSC.

Firstly, when you will submit your application form, the confirmation e-mail will be sent to you.

After some days, on the above-mentioned date, they will release admit card for NDA NA 2018 on the UPSC website.

To download the admit card NDA 2018, visit the official website

Download admit card NDA 2018 Exam.

Now secondly, you have to appear at exam center on the specified date of the online exam mentioned on your admit card.

After successful submission of examination, answer copies. The results will be updated on the official website of UPSC.

UPSC NDA Admit Card :

NDA Admit Card will be released by the UPSC on the official website before 10 to 15 days of examination. The Union Public Service Commission will issue NDA I Admit Card 2018 in the second week of April. Candidates are advised to download and print the e-admit card on or before the examination date. After downloading UPSC NDA Admit Card, it is better for you to cross check all the details such as Name, Date of Birth (DOB), Father’s Name and so forth. If you found any discrepancy, then you should contact the board authorities immediately. It is compulsory to bring the admit card on the day of the exam. 

Upsc Book-List

Books List for UPSC Prelims

3439   29-Jul-2017, Sat

Prelims Book List 

Polity – Laxmikanth

Modern History – Modern Spectrum , few chapters from Old NCERT class 12th (before 1857)

Medieval History – OLD NCERT

Ancient History- OLD NCERT CLASS 11th

Culture- Nitin Singhania + CCRT/NIOS selectively , Mrunal Videos can also be seen

Environment – Shankar Ias, Old Biology Class 12 Ecology unit

Economics- Sriram Printed Notes + Macroeconomics Class 12 NCERT . Mrunal Videos are also good .

Geography – Class 11th &12th NCERT, Class 6 to 10th NCERT selectively, Biomes chapter from G C Leong. Mrunal Videos are also good.

Science - NCERT 6th to 10th (Mainly 9th&10th), Some selective chapters from 11th & 12th as mentioned by Mrunal. Vajiram Yellow books of PCB are also fine

Current Affairs - Hindu + InsightsonIndia + Monthly Magazine

Other stuff – Budget+ Eco survey selectively + Indian Year Book Selectively(only if time permits)

What if the basics are very weak. You can do the following:-
NCERTS 6th to 10th of subjects you feel you are very weak
◾Take help of
online videos. E.g :- Mrunal, Unacademy are good platforms. 

UPSC परीक्षा के लिये महत्व पूर्ण

Prepration for UPSC

2156   04-Jul-2017, Tue

सर्वप्रथम UPSC Exam (CSE) के प्रारूप को समझना आवश्यक है। UPSC Exam (CSE) तीन चरणों में पूर्ण होता है
1 प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Pre. Exam)
2 मुख्य परीक्षा (Mains Exam)
3 साक्षात्कार (Interview)
UPSC (CSE) के उम्मीदवार की अंतिम मेरिट रैंक Mains Exam के केवल 7 papers और Interview के अंक के कुल अंको पर निर्भर करती है।
1 प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Pre. Exam)- यह परीक्षा केवल Mains Exam में प्रवेश करने के लिए होती है अर्थात इसके अंक अंतिम मेरिट रैंक में नहीं जोड़े जाते हैं। इस परीक्षा में प्रश्न बहुविकल्पीय, वस्तुनिष्ठ (Objective) प्रकार के होते हैं। इस परीक्षा में दो अनिवार्य papers होते हैं। प्रत्येक paper 200 अंको का होता है।
Gs 1st और Gs 2nd (CSAT)
Gs 2nd जिसे CSAT भी कहते हैं, के अंक प्रारंभिक परीक्षा के पूर्णांक में नहीं जोड़े जाते हैं। ये केवल qualify paper होता है जिसमें 33% अंक लाने की जरूरत होती है।
यदि उम्मीदवार Gs 1st के अंकों के आधार पर उस वर्ष के कट-ऑफ मार्क्स को पार कर लेता है तो उसका Selection UPSC (CSE) के Mains Exam के लिए हो जाता है बशर्ते उसके Gs 2nd paper में 33% अंक हो।
Pre. paper 1st का syllabus- 
अंक- 200
1. राष्ट्रीय और अंतरराष्ट्रीय वर्तमान घटनाएँ (current affairs)
2. भारत का इतिहास और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन
3. भारतीय एवं विश्व का भूगोल – भारत और विश्व का प्राकृतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक भूगोल 
4. भारतीय राजनीति और शासन – संविधान, राजनीतिक प्रणाली, पंचायती राज, सार्वजनिक नीति, अधिकारों संबंधी मुद्दे आदि
5. आर्थिक और सामाजिक विकास- सतत विकास, गरीबी समावेशन, जनसांख्यिकी, सामाजिक क्षेत्र में की गयी पहलें आदि
6. पर्यावरण पारिस्थितिकी, जैव विविधता और मौसम परिवर्तन से संबंधित सामान्य मुद्दे आदि
7. सामान्य विज्ञान
Pre. paper 2nd का syllabus-
अंक- 200 
(यह एक क्वालीफाइंग पेपर होता है जिसमें 33% अंक यानि 66 अंक की जरूरत है)
1. बोधगम्यता
2. संचार कौशल और वैयक्तिक कौशल
3. तार्किक कौशल और विश्लेषणात्मक क्षमता
4. निर्णय लेना एवं समस्या समाधान
5. Math (10th standard)
6. English (10th standard)
7. सामान्य मानसिक योग्यता
2 मुख्य परीक्षा (Mains Exam)- इस परीक्षा में कुल 9 papers होते हैं। लेकिन उनमें से केवल 7 papers के अंक अंतिम मेरिट रैंकिंग के लिए जोड़े जाते हैं। बाकी के 2 papers सिर्फ क्वालीफाइंग होते हैं। 
क्वालीफाइंग पेपर्स- पेपर अ और पेपर ब
पेपर- अ- भारतीय भाषा 
भारतीय भाषाओं में से एक भाषा, जो संविधान की आठवीं अनुसूची में शामिल है, उसे उम्मीदवार द्वारा चयनित किया जाता है। यह प्रश्नपत्र अरुणाचल प्रदेश, मणिपुर, मेघालय, मिजोरम, नगालैंड और सिक्किम के रहने वाले उम्मीदवारों के लिए अनिवार्य नहीं होता है। यह पेपर 300 अंक का होता है इस पेपर में क्वालीफाइंग अंक 30% होते हैं।
1. बोधगम्यता
2. संक्षिप्त लेखन
3. संक्षिप्त लेख
4. शब्द प्रयोग व शब्द भंडार
5. अंग्रेजी से भारतीय भाषा में तथा भारतीय भाषा से अंग्रेजी में अनुवाद करना
पेपर- ब- English
यह पेपर 300 अंक का होता है। इस पेपर में क्वालीफाइंग अंक 25% होते हैं।
1. Comprehension of given passages
2. Precis Writing
3. Short Essay
4. Usage and Vocabulary
मेरिट रैंकिंग वाले 7 papers
निबंध- 250 अंक
2. GS 1st (भारतीय विरासत और संस्कृति, समाज, विश्व का इतिहास और विश्व का भूगोल)- 250 अंक
3. GS 2nd –(शासन व्यवस्था, राजनीति, संविधान, सामाजिक न्याय और अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध)- 250 अंक
4. GS 3rd (प्रौद्योगिकी, आर्थिक विकास, जैव विविधता, पर्यावरण, सुरक्षा और आपदा प्रबंधन)- 250 अंक
5. GS 4th (नीतिशास्त्र, सत्यनिष्ठा और एप्टीट्यूड)- 250 अंक
6. Optional subject- paper 1st- 250अंक
7. Optional subject- paper 2nd- 250 अंक
आप इनमें से किसी एक subject का optional subject के रूप में चयन कर सकते हैं 
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary
Civil Engineering
Commerce and Accountancy
Electrical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Medical Science
Political Science and International Relations
Public Administration

Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
 साक्षात्कार (Interview)- 275 अंक
कुल योग= 2025 अंक
( लिखित परीक्षा 1750 अंक + साक्षात्कार )

Information About UPSC Exam

Information About UPSC Exam

2831   04-Jul-2017, Tue

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the All India administrative civil service. IAS officers hold key and strategic positions in the Union Government, States governments, and public-sector undertakings. Like in various countries (for example the UK) following a Parliamentary system, IAS as the permanent bureaucracy in India forms an inseparable part of the executive branch of the Government of India, thus providing continuity and neutrality to the administration.

Along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service, the IAS is one of the three All India Services — its cadre can be employed by both the Union Government and the individual States.

Upon confirming to service after probation as Sub-Divisional Magistrate, an IAS officer is given administrative command of entire district administration in the district as District collector after four years of service. On attaining the upper levels of Super Time Scale to Apex Scale, they can go on to head whole departments and subsequently entire Ministries of Governments of India and its states. IAS officers represent Government of India at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. On deputations, they work at Intergovernmental organizations like World Bank and United Nations or its Agencies. IAS officers at various levels of administration play vital roles in conducting free, fair and smooth elections in India under the direction of Election Commission of India and states.

Every year Union Public Service Commission conducts Civil Services Exams across India. There are around 10 lakhs forms received by UPSC from aspirants of IAS Exam. Out of which on an average 60% appears in PT.

There are three stages of selection process –

Preliminary Test
Mains Written Exam

A number of vacancies are notified by UPSC which remains around 700-1000 for civil services. But only top 70-100 candidates are allotted Indian Administrative Service. Indian Police Service is the second most opted choice among services, third is Indian Foreign Service, Fourth is Indian Revenue Services and then other civil services follows.

Preliminary Test
PT is conducted in the month of August for which form and notification released by the Union Public Service Commission, New Delhi in the month of February.

PT exam has Two papers of 100 questions and 80 questions to be finished in two hours each.

These papers are named as

General Studies Paper I
General Studies Paper II

General Studies Paper II is a qualifying paper only with the cutoff score of 33%, the merit list is created solely based on the score of GS Paper I.

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam
After qualifying the Preliminary Examination candidates are allowed to go for mains exam which consists of two parts –

Written exam of nine papers
Personality test (also known as interview)
Interview/Personality Test – 275 marks
Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Grand Total 2025 Marks

Eligibility Criteria to apply the Civil service Exam:
To apply for this examination, you should must eligible in certain criteria, as we know that eligibility is an entry point in any examination.

The candidate must be a citizen of India.
The candidate should have a degree from Central, State or Deemed University. Degree from Correspondence Education or distance education, the open university is also accepted.
The candidate age must be
21 years old and not must be greater than 32 years old. For Open category is restrict to 32 years, for OBC category is restrict to 35 years and for SC/ST it is restricted to 37 years old.
Number of attempts is limited, for Open category it  is limited to 6 attempts, for OBC category it is limited to 9 attempts and for SC/ST candidate there is no limitation (Any number of attempts)
The results for the UPSC Civil Service Examination are generally declared within a week after the completion of the interviews – this has been the trend in the last two years. Once the results are declared, the following things happen –

UPSC declares the cutoff marks for Prelims and Mains examinations, along with the overall cut off. This is followed by the detailed mark sheet (Prelims + Mains + Interview) for those who appeared for Mains Examination and passed in the Qualifying papers (Regional language and English).
The answer keys for Prelims exam is then declared.
Now the fate of those in the UPSC merit list shifts to the
Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) which, I have felt, is not as efficient as UPSC. Service allocation, which is done by DoPT based on rank and category of the candidates.
Service allocation by DoPT comes with its own set of problems. Not all the candidates whose names figure in the UPSC Merit List are allocated services straight away. Instead, the allocation is done in rounds. Those who do not get an allocation in the 1st round would have a star (*) next to their name in the DoPT website. This * may be because of various reasons such as temporarily unfit status from medical check up, problems with documents submitted, reserved category issues, etc. The number of starred candidates comes down after every round of allocation, as the issues concerning them are resolved.
Once the allocation is made, you have to wait for the official service allocation letter from DoPT via post and email.
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration(LBSNAA) comes into the picture. LBSNAA begins the registration process for Foundation Course (FC) of all the selected candidates. In the registration form you have to either join the FC or seek exemption citing valid reasons – medical issues / already completed FC previously / taking CSE again.
For those who opt to join the FC, you shall receive your joining formalities and appointment letter within a few days. For those who have opted out, they shall receive their appointment letters directly from their
Cadre Controlling Authorities (CCA), like CBEC for IRS (C&CE), before their service specific training starts in December.
Selected candidates either join FC directly or take exemption and head straight to their respective training academies (NADT, NACEN, SVPNPA, etc) in December and join their batchmates who attended FC.


Always remain focused on your main goal, do not divert yourself. Always keep reminding yourself that you have to clear your exam in the first attempt. Most of the Candidates have the habit of preparing for different competitive exams simultaneously to play safe. In such case, your minds get diverted.

You must realize that properly preparing for the civil services exam is not a part-time job. It is a fact that if you are fully devoted to preparing for the civil services exam without pursuing any other studies, competitive exams or job.

Your concentration level will be at its peak, and this would give you the best results. The desire to grab one job or the other and playing it safe leads to failure on all fronts. As the famous saying goes, ‘ a man sailing on two different boats at the same